Applied Optoelectronics Reports First Quarter 2019 Results

5/8/2019, 10:10 PM (Source: GlobeNewswire)

SUGAR LAND, Texas, May 08, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Applied Optoelectronics, Inc. (NASDAQ: AAOI), a leading provider of fiber-optic access network products for the internet datacenter, cable broadband, telecom and fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) markets, today announced financial results for its first quarter ended March 31, 2019.

“We achieved revenue in the first quarter of $52.7 million, which was in-line with our guidance. During the quarter, we continued to make progress on our efforts to diversify our customer base, develop innovative optical products and expand the reach of our products into new markets, such as 5G. We secured a total of six new design wins that include three wins with customers outside of our core hyperscale customer base,” said Dr. Thompson Lin, Applied Optoelectronics Inc. founder and CEO. “In the datacenter market, we continue to see headwinds as hyperscale customers work through excess inventory, which is reflected in our second quarter outlook. However, we continue to have good technical engagement with both existing and new datacenter customers and are encouraged by the positive response to our innovations.”

First Quarter 2019 Financial Summary

  • Total revenue was $52.7 million, compared with $65.2 million in the first quarter of 2018 and $58.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2018.
  • GAAP gross margin was 23.4%, compared with 39.6% in the first quarter of 2018 and 18.2% in the fourth quarter of 2018. Non-GAAP gross margin was 25.5%, compared with 40.0% in the first quarter of 2018 and 24.7% in the fourth quarter of 2018.
  • GAAP net loss was $10.5 million, or $0.53 per basic share, compared with net income of $2.1 million, or $0.11 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2018, and a net loss of $8.6 million, or $0.43 per basic share in the fourth quarter of 2018.
  • Non-GAAP net loss was $5.4 million, or $0.27 per basic share, compared with non-GAAP net income of $5.6 million, or $0.28 per diluted share in the first quarter of 2018, and a non-GAAP net loss of $0.5 million, or $0.02 per basic share in the fourth quarter of 2018.

A reconciliation between all GAAP and non-GAAP information referenced above is contained in the tables below. Please also refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for a description of these non-GAAP financial measures.

Second Quarter 2019 Business Outlook (+)

For the second quarter of 2019, the company currently expects:

  • Revenue in the range of $40 million to $45 million.
  • Non-GAAP gross margin in the range of 25% to 27%.
  • Non-GAAP net loss in the range of $6.9 million to $8.6 million, and non-GAAP loss per share in the range of $0.35 to $0.43 using approximately 19.9 million shares.

(+) Please refer to the note below on forward-looking statements and the risks involved with such statements as well as the note on non-GAAP financial measures.

Conference Call Information

The company will host a conference call and webcast for analysts and investors on May 8, 2019 to discuss its first quarter 2019 results and outlook for its second quarter 2019 at 4:30 p.m. Eastern time / 3:30 p.m. Central time. Open to the public, investors may access the call by dialing (412) 717-9586. A live audio webcast of the conference call along with supplemental financial information will also be accessible on the company's website at Following the webcast, an archived version will be available on the website for one year. A telephonic replay of the call will be available one hour after the call and will run for five business days and may be accessed by dialing (412) 317-0088 and entering passcode 10129541.

Forward-Looking Information

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as "believe," "may," "estimate," "continue," "anticipate," "intend," "should," "could," "would," "target," "seek," "aim," "predicts," "think," "objectives," "optimistic," "new," "goal," "strategy," "potential," "is likely," "will," "expect," "plan" "project," "permit" or by other similar expressions that convey uncertainty of future events or outcomes. These statements include management’s beliefs and expectations related to the expansion of the reach of our products into new markets and customer responses to our innovations, as well as our outlook for the second quarter of 2019. Such forward-looking statements reflect the views of management at the time such statements are made. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions and current expectations, which could cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include but are not limited to: reduction in the size or quantity of customer orders; change in demand for the company's products due to industry conditions; changes in manufacturing operations; volatility in manufacturing costs; delays in shipments of products; disruptions in the supply chain; change in the rate of design wins or the rate of customer acceptance of new products; the company's reliance on a small number of customers for a substantial portion of its revenues; potential pricing pressure; a decline in demand for our customers' products or their rate of deployment of their products; general conditions in the internet datacenter, cable television (CATV) broadband, telecom, or fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) markets; changes in the world economy (particularly in the United States and China); changes in the regulation and taxation of international trade, including the imposition of tariffs; changes in currency exchange rates; the negative effects of seasonality; and other risks and uncertainties described more fully in the company's documents filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. More information about these and other risks that may impact the company's business are set forth in the "Risk Factors" section of the company's quarterly and annual reports on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. All forward-looking statements in this press release are based upon information available to us as of the date hereof, and qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this press release to conform these statements to actual results or to changes in the company's expectations.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We provide non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP net income (loss), and non-GAAP earnings per share to eliminate the impact of items that we do not consider indicative of our overall operating performance. To arrive at our non-GAAP gross margin, we exclude stock-based compensation expense, expenses associated with discontinued products, and non-recurring expenses, if any, from our GAAP gross margin. To arrive at our non-GAAP net income (loss), we exclude all amortization of intangible assets, stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring expenses, unrealized foreign exchange gain (loss), losses from the disposal of idle assets, if any, non-recurring tax expenses (benefits), and expenses associated with discontinued products, if any, from our GAAP net income (loss). Included in our non-recurring expenses in Q1 2019 and Q1 2018 are certain legal and consulting fees (if any) and employee severance expenses (if any). Also included in our non-recurring expenses in Q1 2019, but not Q1 2018, was the unamortized debt issuance costs associated with the extinguishment of certain debt. Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products in Q1 2019 and Q1 2018 include depreciation on certain equipment undergoing reconfiguration. Other expenses associated with discontinued products in Q1 2019 and Q1 2018 include inventory obsolescence charges associated with materials used in the manufacture of these discontinued products.

Our non-GAAP earnings per share is calculated by dividing our non-GAAP net income by the fully diluted share count (for periods in which non-GAAP net income is positive) or basic share count (for periods in which our non-GAAP net income is negative). We believe that our non-GAAP measures are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance for the following reasons:

  • We believe that elimination of items such as stock-based compensation expense and non-recurring revenue and expenses are appropriate because treatment of these items may vary for reasons unrelated to our overall operating performance;
  • We believe that elimination of expenses associated with discontinued products, including depreciation and inventory obsolescence is appropriate because these expenses are not indicative of our ongoing operations;
  • We believe that non-GAAP measures provide better comparability with our past financial performance, period-to-period results and with our peer companies, many of which also use similar non-GAAP financial measures; and
  • We anticipate that investors and securities analysts will utilize non-GAAP measures as a supplement to GAAP measures to evaluate our overall operating performance.

A reconciliation of our GAAP net income (loss) and GAAP earnings (loss) per share for Q1 2019 to our non-GAAP net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share is provided below, together with corresponding reconciliations for the three month period ended March 31, 2018.

Non-GAAP measures should not be considered as an alternative to net income (loss), earnings (loss) per share, or any other measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Our non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other organizations because other organizations may not calculate such other non-GAAP measures in the same manner. We have not reconciled the non-GAAP measures included in our guidance to the appropriate GAAP financial measures because the GAAP measures are not accessible on a forward-looking basis. GAAP measures that impact our non-GAAP financial measures may include stock-based compensation expense, non-recurring expenses, amortization of intangible assets, unrealized exchange loss (gain), asset impairment charges, and loss (gain) from disposal of idle assets. These GAAP measures cannot be reasonably predicted and may directly impact our non-GAAP gross margin, our non-GAAP net income and our non-GAAP fully-diluted earnings per share, although changes with respect to certain of these measures may offset other changes. In addition, certain of these measures are out of our control. Accordingly, a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measure guidance to the corresponding GAAP measures is not available without unreasonable effort.

About Applied Optoelectronics

Applied Optoelectronics Inc. (AOI) is a leading developer and manufacturer of advanced optical products, including components, modules and equipment. AOI's products are the building blocks for broadband fiber access networks around the world, where they are used in the internet datacenter, CATV broadband, telecom and FTTH markets. AOI supplies optical networking lasers, components and equipment to tier-1 customers in all four of these markets. In addition to its corporate headquarters, wafer fab and advanced engineering and production facilities in Sugar Land, TX, AOI has engineering and manufacturing facilities in Taipei, Taiwan and Ningbo, China. For additional information, visit

Investor Relations Contacts:

The Blueshirt Group, Investor Relations
Maria Riley & Chelsea Lish

 Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Preliminary Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share data)
 March 31, 2019December 31, 2018
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash$  77,459$  58,004
Accounts Receivable, Net   32,123   30,534
Notes receivable   79   - 
Inventories   84,464   93,256
Prepaid Income Tax   1,423   1,188
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets   7,726   11,293
Total Current Assets   203,274    194,275
Property, Plant And Equipment, Net   242,623   234,211
Land Use Rights, Net   5,894   5,814
Right of Use Asset   8,293   - 
Intangible Assets, Net   4,001   3,977
Deferred Income Tax Assets   24,188   21,714
Other Assets   2,932   6,849
TOTAL ASSETS$  491,205 $  466,840
Accounts Payable$  28,332$  29,910
Accrued Expenses   12,424   19,291
Current Lease Liability   1,053   - 
Bank Acceptance Payable   5,198   4,628
Bank Loan-Short Term   13,842   15,458
Current Portion of Long Term Debt   4,326   8,131
Total Current Liabilities   65,175    77,418
Notes Payable and Long Term Debt   17,535   60,328
Convertible Senior Notes   76,439   - 
Other Long-Term Liabilities   8,438   - 
TOTAL LIABILITIES   167,587    137,746
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY   323,618    329,094

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Preliminary Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 Revenue 2019  2018 
Datacenter$  38,499  $  50,583  
CATV 11,962   10,568  
Telecom 1,738   3,586  
FTTH 94   111  
Other 426   391  
Total Revenue 52,719  65,239 
Total Cost of Goods Sold 40,368  39,403 
Total Gross Profit 12,351  25,836 
 Operating Expenses:  
Research and Development 11,185  11,736 
Sales and Marketing 2,595  2,474 
General and Administrative 10,440  9,456 
Total Operating Expenses 24,220  23,666 
Operating Income (Loss) (11,869 ) 2,170  
 Other Income (Expense):  
Interest Income 72  52 
Interest Expense (996) (71)
Other Income 78  13 
Foreign Exchange Gain (Loss) (233) (1,040)
Total Other Income (Expense): (1,079) (1,046)
Net Income (loss) before Income Taxes (12,948 ) 1,124  
Income Tax Benefit (Expense)  2,474  996 
Net Income (loss) (10,474 ) 2,120  
 Net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
basic $  (0.53)$  0.11 
diluted $  (0.53)$  0.11 
 Weighted-average shares used to compute net income (loss) per share attributable to common stockholders
basic  19,863  19,492 
diluted  19,863  19,989 

Applied Optoelectronics, Inc.
Reconciliation of Statements of Operations under GAAP and Non-GAAP
(In thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2019  2018 
GAAP total gross profit (a)$  12,351 $  25,836 
Share-based compensation expense 189  177 
Non-recurring expense 0  71 
Expenses associated with discontinued products 925  7 
Non-GAAP total gross profit (a) 13,465  26,091 
GAAP net income (loss) (10,474) 2,120 
Amortization of intangible assets 130  126 
Share-based compensation expense 2,943  2,569 
Non-recurring charges 242  290 
Expenses associated with discontinued products 925  71 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products 1,017  751 
Unrealized exchange loss (gain) (227) (203)
Non-recurring tax benefit   -   (114)
Non-GAAP net income (loss) (5,444) 5,610 
GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share$  (0.53)$  0.11 
Amortization of intangible assets   0.01    0.01 
Share-based compensation expense   0.15    0.13 
Non-recurring charges   0.01    0.01 
Expenses associated with discontinued products   0.05    0.00 
Non-cash expenses associated with discontinued products   0.05    0.04 
Unrealized exchange loss (gain)   (0.01)   (0.01)
Non-recurring tax benefit 0    (0.01)
Non-GAAP diluted net income (loss) per share$  (0.27)$  0.28 
 Shares used to compute diluted loss per share  19,863  19,492 
 Shares used to compute diluted earnings per share  19,863  19,989 
(a) Provided for the purpose of calculating gross profit as a percentage of revenue (gross margin).

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