Enphase Energy Reports Financial Results for the First Quarter of 2020

5/5/2020, 10:05 PM (Source: GlobeNewswire)

FREMONT, Calif., May 05, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Enphase Energy, Inc. (NASDAQ:ENPH), a global energy technology company and the world’s leading supplier of solar microinverters, announced today financial results for the first quarter of 2020, which included the summary below from its President and CEO, Badri Kothandaraman.

We are pleased to report revenue of $205.5 million in the first quarter of 2020, along with an all-time record for gross margin, despite COVID-19. Our first quarter revenue increased 105% year-over-year. We shipped approximately 643 megawatts DC, or 2,012,476 microinverters, as our worldwide teams did an excellent job of ensuring product availability and on-time customer deliveries.

Highlights for the first quarter of 2020 included:

  • Revenue of $205.5 million, including approximately $44.5 million of safe harbor revenue
  • Cash flow from operations of $39.2 million; ending cash balance of $593.8 million
  • GAAP gross margin of 39.2%; non-GAAP gross margin of 39.5%
  • GAAP operating expenses of $36.0 million; non-GAAP operating expenses of $28.5 million
  • GAAP operating income of $44.7 million; non-GAAP operating income of $52.8 million
  • GAAP net income of $68.9 million, including a gain of $15.3 million from changes in fair value of derivatives and an income tax benefit of $11.9 million; non-GAAP net income of $51.9 million
  • GAAP diluted EPS of $0.50; non-GAAP diluted EPS of $0.38

Our revenue and earnings for the first quarter of 2020 are given below, compared with those of the prior quarter and the year ago quarter:

(In thousands, except per share data and percentages)

 Q1 2020 Q4 2019 Q1 2019 Q1 2020 Q4 2019 Q1 2019
Revenue$205,545  $210,032  $100,150  $205,545  $210,032  $100,150 
Gross margin39.2% 37.1% 33.3% 39.5% 37.3% 33.5%
Operating expenses$35,963  $33,439  $26,205  $28,508  $26,140  $22,288 
Operating income$44,712  $44,442  $7,134  $52,773  $52,277  $11,282 
Net income$68,936  $116,666  $2,765  $51,875  $52,038  $9,528 
Basic EPS$0.56  $0.95  $0.03  $0.42  $0.42  $0.09 
Diluted EPS$0.50  $0.88  $0.02  $0.38  $0.39  $0.08 

Our non-GAAP gross margin increased to 39.5% from 37.3% in the fourth quarter of 2019, driven by disciplined pricing and cost management. Non-GAAP operating expenses were $28.5 million, compared to $26.1 million in the prior quarter. Non-GAAP operating income was $52.8 million, compared to $52.3 million in the prior quarter.

We exited the first quarter with $593.8 million in cash, including restricted cash, and generated $39.2 million in cash flow from operations. The restricted cash was related to the first quarter of 2020 safe harbor deliveries and became unrestricted at the end of April. The first quarter cash balance increased $295.5 million from the issuance in early March of $320.0 million aggregate principal amount of convertible senior notes due 2025, after deducting $7.0 million in fees and $17.5 million for the call spread transaction. Inventory was $34.6 million at the end of the first quarter of 2020, compared to $32.1 million at the end of the fourth quarter of 2019.

As a result of global shelter-in-place rules, our engineering and certification activities experienced a slowdown. Consequently, we were unable to ship our Encharge™ battery storage system during the first quarter of 2020 as planned. We now expect shipments to begin in June 2020. To support the launch, we are ramping online installer training and tools while shelter-in-place and social distancing measures remain in force.

Our Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to $200 million of Enphase Energy common stock to minimize shareholder dilution related to employee equity issuances. Purchases will be completed from time to time in the open market or through structured repurchase agreements with third parties. Such purchases are expected to continue through March 2022 unless otherwise extended or shortened by our Board of Directors.

Although there is short-term uncertainty due to COVID-19, we have tremendous confidence in the strength of our business in the long term. We have a flexible and resilient supply chain, aided by our strong contract manufacturing partners. We are laser-focused on operational excellence and customer experience. Our balance sheet is strong, enabling us to invest in organic and inorganic growth even in today’s difficult times. We are investing heavily in new products that create unmatched value, based on our three pillars of differentiation: semiconductors, software and Ensemble™.


On March 16, 2020, Enphase Energy announced it has forged an alliance with Amicus Solar Cooperative, a Certified B Corporation and Public Benefit Corporation, to become a supplier-of-record for its membership of values-driven, independently owned solar energy developers, EPCs, and installers. Amicus member companies install solar in all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and Canada, and include over 3,000 experienced solar professionals with more than 500 MW of solar installations in 2019.

On March 25, 2020, Enphase Energy announced an expanded partnership with Rexel Group, a global multichannel solar distributor of products and services, to include Australia-wide distribution. Rexel Australia will provide solar installers with the full suite of Enphase IQ™ products, to ensure one-stop-shop convenience at its nearly 50 specialist solar branches across the country.

On April 2, 2020, Enphase Energy unveiled a comprehensive portfolio of training options to ensure that installers are trained and ready for Enphase Ensemble technology. To serve installers with hands-on training when COVID-19 social distancing measures subside, Enphase is preparing turn-key training centers around the U.S. Enphase is also introducing  online training resources to ensure installer training continues while social distancing measures are in place.

On April 7, 2020, Enphase Energy announced it has collaborated with Courant Naturel, a fast-growing residential solar installer with headquarters in Soual, France, to deliver solar solutions to customers in southwest France. The company has chosen Enphase as its exclusive inverter supplier, using Enphase IQ 7X™ microinverters, along with SunPower® X-Series, an Enphase Energized ™ AC Module leveraging IQ 7X microinverters.

On April 20, 2020, Enphase Energy announced that over 8,300 homeowners have joined the Enphase Upgrade Program, a service initiative that gives homeowners several options for upgrading to the latest, more efficient and reliable microinverters from Enphase. The Upgrade Program is for warranty holders of legacy Enphase microinverters and represents the Company’s continued commitment to quality and service.


For the second quarter of 2020, Enphase Energy estimates both GAAP and non-GAAP financial results as follows:

  • Revenue to be within a range of $115 million to $130 million
  • GAAP and non-GAAP gross margin to be within a range of 37% to 40%
  • GAAP operating expenses to be within a range of $33 million to $35 million, including $7.5 million estimated for stock-based compensation expenses and acquisition related amortization
  • Non-GAAP operating expenses to be within a range of $25.5 million to $27.5 million, excluding $7.5 million estimated for stock-based compensation expenses and acquisition related amortization

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Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company has presented certain non-GAAP financial measures in this press release. To view a description of non-GAAP financial measures used and the non-GAAP reconciliation schedule for the periods presented, click here.

Conference Call Information

Enphase Energy will host a conference call for analysts and investors to discuss its first quarter 2020 results and second quarter 2020 business outlook today at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (1:30 p.m. Pacific Time). The call is open to the public by dialing (877) 644-1284; participant passcode 2664545. A live webcast of the conference call will also be accessible from the “Investor Relations” section of the Company’s website at investor.enphase.com. Following the webcast, an archived version will be available on the website for one year. In addition, an audio replay of the conference call will be available by calling (855) 859-2056; participant passcode 2664545, beginning approximately one hour after the call.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements, including statements related to Enphase Energy’s expectations as to future financial performance; the capabilities, advantages, and performance of our technology and products; the availability of our products and their market adoption; the quality and ease of maintaining and monitoring our products; the training and capabilities of installers; and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. These forward-looking statements are based on the Company’s current expectations and inherently involve significant risks and uncertainties. Enphase Energy’s actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain risks and uncertainties including those risks described in more detail in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and other documents on file with the SEC and available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Enphase Energy undertakes no duty or obligation to update any forward-looking statements contained in this release as a result of new information, future events or changes in its expectations, except as required by law.

A copy of this press release can be found on the investor relations page of Enphase Energy’s website at investor.enphase.com.

About Enphase Energy, Inc.

Enphase Energy, a global energy technology company, delivers smart, easy-to-use solutions that manage solar generation, storage and communication on one intelligent platform. The Company revolutionized the solar industry with its microinverter technology and produces a fully integrated solar-plus-storage solution. Enphase has shipped more than 27 million microinverters, and over 1.1 million Enphase systems have been deployed in more than 130 countries. For more information, visit www.enphase.com.

Enphase Energy®, the Enphase logo, Encharge, Ensemble, IQ, IQ 7X, Enphase Energized, and other trademarks or service names are the trademarks of Enphase Energy, Inc. Other names are for informational purposes and may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Adam Hinckley
Enphase Energy, Inc.
Investor Relations
+1-707-763-4784 x7354

(In thousands, except per share data) (Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 2020 2019
Net revenues$205,545  $100,150 
Cost of revenues124,870  66,811 
Gross profit80,675  33,339 
Operating expenses:   
Research and development11,876  8,524 
Sales and marketing11,772  7,433 
General and administrative12,315  9,880 
Restructuring charges  368 
Total operating expenses35,963  26,205 
Income from operations44,712  7,134 
Other income (expense), net   
Interest income1,091  211 
Interest expense(3,155) (3,751)
Other expense, net(924) (481)
Change in fair value of derivatives (1)15,344   
Total other income (expense), net12,356  (4,021)
Income before income taxes57,068  3,113 
Income tax benefit (provision)11,868  (348)
Net income$68,936  $2,765 
Net income per share:   
Basic$0.56  $0.03 
Diluted$0.50  $0.02 
Shares used in per share calculation:   
Basic123,531  108,195 
Diluted138,104  115,863 

(1)  $15.3 million change in fair value of derivatives represents changes in fair value of the conversion option in the convertible notes due 2025, as well as the convertible note hedge and warrant transactions. Initially, conversion of the convertible notes due 2025 will be settled solely in cash as a result of the Company not having the necessary number of authorized but unissued shares of its common stock available to settle the conversion option of the Notes due 2025 in shares; therefore, the conversion option, convertible note hedge and warrant transactions are currently classified as derivatives that require marked-to-market accounting. On the date the Company increases its authorized shares of common stock and satisfies the share reservation condition as defined in the relevant Indenture, the derivatives will not be classified as derivative financial instruments and will be reclassified to additional paid-in capital as the equity classification criteria is met.

(In thousands)
 March 31,
 December 31,
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$549,144  $251,409 
Restricted cash44,700  44,700 
Accounts receivable, net95,484  145,413 
Inventory34,617  32,056 
Prepaid expenses and other assets27,752  26,079 
Total current assets751,697  499,657 
Property and equipment, net30,500  28,936 
Operating lease, right of use asset11,986  10,117 
Intangible assets, net29,332  30,579 
Goodwill24,783  24,783 
Other assets47,798  44,620 
Deferred tax assets, net86,806  74,531 
Convertible notes hedge47,885   
Total assets$1,030,787  $713,223 
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$34,538  $57,474 
Accrued liabilities49,817  47,092 
Deferred revenues, current39,022  81,783 
Warranty obligations, current9,678  10,078 
Debt, current100,567  2,884 
Total current liabilities233,622  199,311 
Long-term liabilities:   
Deferred revenues, noncurrent106,205  100,204 
Warranty obligations, noncurrent27,823  27,020 
Other liabilities13,077  11,817 
Debt, noncurrent295,216  102,659 
Warrants liability38,637   
Total liabilities714,580  441,011 
Total stockholders’ equity316,207  272,212 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$1,030,787  $713,223 

(In thousands) (Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 December 31,
 March 31,
Cash flows from operating activities:     
Net income$68,936  $116,666  $2,765 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:     
Depreciation and amortization3,844  2,568  3,572 
Provision for doubtful accounts104  (191)  
Asset impairment  1,124   
Non-cash interest expense2,722  1,908  1,490 
Financing fees on extinguishment of debt    2,152 
Stock-based compensation7,515  6,176  3,290 
Change in fair value of derivatives(15,344)    
Deferred income taxes(12,500) (73,375)  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:     
Accounts receivable49,637  (12,606) (3,266)
Inventory(2,560) (1,825) 3,296 
Prepaid expenses and other assets(5,009) (5,659) (2,413)
Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities(22,066) 3,544  4,851 
Warranty obligations403  2,474  (252)
Deferred revenues(36,460) 61,467  1,578 
Net cash provided by operating activities39,222  102,271  17,063 
Cash flows from investing activities:     
Purchases of property and equipment(3,353) (7,420) (658)
Net cash used in investing activities(3,353) (7,420) (658)
Cash flows from financing activities:     
Issuance of convertible notes, net of issuance costs (1)313,011  (68)  
Purchase of convertible note hedges (1)(89,056)    
Sale of warrants (1)71,552     
Principal payments and financing fees on debt(1,148) (198) (44,731)
Proceeds from exercise of equity awards and employee stock purchase plan1,979  2,060  1,664 
Payment of withholding taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards(34,267) (3,760) (1,355)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities262,071  (1,966) (44,422)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(205) 178  (133)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash297,735  93,063  (28,150)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—Beginning of period296,109  203,046  106,237 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash—End of period$593,844  $296,109  $78,087 

(1)  $295.5 million of net proceeds received from issuance of convertible senior notes due 2025 reflects $7.0 million of fees and $17.5 million to enter into the call spread transaction.

(In thousands, except per share data and percentages)
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 December 31,
 March 31,
Gross profit (GAAP)$80,675  $77,881  $33,339 
Stock-based compensation606  536  231 
Gross profit (Non-GAAP)$81,281  $78,417  $33,570 
Gross margin (GAAP)39.2% 37.1% 33.3%
Stock-based compensation0.3% 0.2% 0.2%
Gross margin (Non-GAAP)39.5% 37.3% 33.5%
Operating expenses (GAAP)$35,963  $33,439  $26,205 
Stock-based compensation (1)(6,909) (5,623) (3,003)
Restructuring and asset impairment charges  (1,131) (368)
Acquisition related expenses and amortization(546) (545) (546)
Operating expenses (Non-GAAP)$28,508  $26,140  $22,288 
(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:     
Research and development$1,919  $1,642  $716 
Sales and marketing1,942  1,778  999 
General and administrative3,048  2,203  1,288 
Total$6,909  $5,623  $3,003 
Income from operations (GAAP)$44,712  $44,442  $7,134 
Stock-based compensation7,515  6,159  3,234 
Restructuring and asset impairment charges  1,131  368 
Acquisition related expenses and amortization546  545  546 
Income from operations (Non-GAAP)$52,773  $52,277  $11,282 
Net income (GAAP)$68,936  $116,666  $2,765 
Stock-based compensation7,515  6,159  3,234 
Restructuring and asset impairment charges  1,131  368 
Acquisition related expenses and amortization546  545  546 
Non-recurring debt prepayment fees and non-cash interest2,722  1,908  2,615 
Change in fair value of derivatives(15,344)    
Non-GAAP income tax adjustment(12,500) (74,371)  
Net income (Non-GAAP)$51,875  $52,038  $9,528 
Net income per share, basic (GAAP)$0.56  $0.95  $0.03 
Stock-based compensation0.06  0.05  0.03 
Restructuring and asset impairment charges  0.01   
Acquisition related expenses and amortization    0.01 
Non-recurring debt prepayment fees and non-cash interest0.02  0.02  0.02 
Change in fair value of derivatives(0.12)    
Non-GAAP income tax adjustment(0.10) (0.61)  
Net income per share, basic (Non-GAAP)$0.42  $0.42  $0.09 
Shares used in basic per share calculation GAAP and Non-GAAP123,531  122,630  108,195 
Net income per share, diluted (GAAP)$0.50  $0.88  $0.02 
Stock-based compensation0.06  0.05  0.03 
Restructuring and asset impairment charges  0.01   
Acquisition related expenses and amortization    0.01 
Non-recurring debt prepayment fees and non-cash interest0.02  0.01  0.02 
Change in fair value of derivatives(0.11)    
Non-GAAP income tax adjustment(0.09) (0.56)  
Net income per share, diluted (Non-GAAP) (2)$0.38  $0.39  $0.08 
Shares used in diluted per share calculation GAAP138,104  132,872  115,863 
Shares used in diluted per share calculation Non-GAAP (3)135,168  132,233  127,564 

(2)  Calculation of non-GAAP diluted net income per share for the three months ended March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019 excludes convertible notes due 2023 interest expense, net of tax of less than $0.1 million, $0.1 million and $0.5 million, respectively, from non-GAAP net income.

(3)  Effect of dilutive in-the-money portion of convertible senior notes and warrants are included in the GAAP weighted-average diluted shares in periods where we have GAAP net income. We excluded the in-the-money portion of convertible notes due 2024 totaling 2,936 thousand shares and 639 thousand shares in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and three months ended December 31, 2019, respectively, for non-GAAP weighted-average diluted shares as the Company entered into convertible note hedge transactions that reduce potential dilution to the Company’s common stock upon any conversion of the Notes due 2024.

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