IDT Corporation Reports Second Quarter Fiscal Year 2022 Results

3/7/2022, 10:33 PM (Source: GlobeNewswire)

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NEWARK, NJ, March 07, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT), a global provider of fintech, cloud communications, and traditional communications services, today reported results for the second quarter of its 2022 fiscal year, the three months ended January 31, 2022.

SECOND QUARTER FISCAL YEAR 2022 (2Q22) HIGHLIGHTS

(Throughout this release, results are for 2Q22 and are compared to 2Q21 unless otherwise noted. Earnings per share (EPS), loss per share, Non-GAAP EPS*, and Non-GAAP loss per share* are per diluted share. Please see the final page of this release for important supplemental information on asterisked metrics and results.)

  • Consolidated revenue decreased 0.8% to $337 million from $340 million. Key business unit revenue included:
    • National Retail Solutions (NRS) revenue increased 103.6% to $10.6 million.
    • net2phone subscription revenue increased 32.3% to $12.5 million.**
    • Money Transfer revenue decreased 6.2% to $12.5 million due to transitory foreign exchange market conditions that materially improved revenue in 2Q21. Absent that impact, Money Transfer revenue would have increased by 48%.
    • Within the Traditional Communications segment, Mobile Top-Up revenue increased 20.4% to $116.2 million while segment revenue decreased 3.2% to $300.4 million. Segment revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 6.2% to $52.8 million.
  • Consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 12.9% to $80 million from $71 million, the tenth consecutive quarter of year-over-year increases.
  • Consolidated income from operations increased 6.9% to $13.8 million from $12.9 million.
  • Adjusted EBITDA* increased 14.3% to $18.7 million from $16.3 million. Adjusted EBITDA* less capital expenditures (CAPEX)*** increased 16.3% to $14.0 million from $12.1 million.
  • EPS was $0.28 compared to EPS of $0.51. Non-GAAP EPS* was $0.33 compared to Non-GAAP EPS* $0.49.
  • Following the quarter close, net2phone acquired Integra CCS, a rapidly growing contact-center-as-a-service (CCaaS) provider operating in the Americas and Europe, for a consideration of up to $15 million in cash and stock inclusive of earnouts.

REMARKS BY SHMUEL JONAS, CEO

“Our second quarter financial results were highlighted by year over year improvements in gross profit, income from operations and Adjusted EBITDA driven by the continued expansion of our growth businesses.

“NRS accelerated the growth of its customer base, adding nearly 1400 net POS activations and 1200 NRS Pay accounts during the quarter. As of January 31st, NRS served approximately 16,500 active POS terminals and 8,000 NRS Pay accounts. NRS revenue increased 104% from the year-ago quarter to $10.6 million, led by triple-digit gains from advertising and merchant services revenue. We are still in the early stages of NRS’ development in terms of our addressable markets, new service offerings, and monetization of our current offerings.

“At our net2phone-UCaaS segment, subscription revenue increased 32% year-over-year to $12.5 million. Growth was strongest in our Latin American markets, particularly in Mexico where we continue to find success with larger customers. Last week, we closed on the acquisition of Integra, a fast-growing CCaaS provider. We will incorporate Integra’s CCaaS service with net2phone’s UCaaS solutions to create a higher value, integrated offering that we expect will drive growth -- and significantly enhance net2phone’s unit economics -- as we become more competitive upmarket.

“We are now focused on completing the previously announced spin-off of net2phone to our stockholders and are working to complete it by the end of the current fiscal year on July 31st.

“Money Transfer transactions increased 21% year-over-year while revenue decreased 6% to $12.5 million. On an “apples-to-apples” basis, adjusting for the impact of transitory foreign exchange that improved 2Q21 results, 2Q22 transactions would have increased 36% and revenue would have increased by 48% from the year-ago quarter.

“Although our Traditional Communications segment’s revenue decreased 3.2% year-over-year to $300 million, revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 6% to $53 million, led by the continued expansion of our Mobile Top-Up business.”

CONSOLIDATED RESULTS

Results
(in millions, except EPS)
 2Q22 1Q22 2Q21 2Q22 - 2Q21 change(%/$)  
Revenue $337  $370  $340   (0.8)%
Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue $80  $78  $71   +12.9%
Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue***  23.7%  21.2%  20.8%  +290 bp 
SG&A expense $61  $60  $54   +12.5%
Depreciation and amortization $4.4  $4.4  $4.5   +(1.9)%
Income from operations $13.8  $13.8  $12.9   +6.9%
Adjusted EBITDA* $18.7  $18.4  $16.3   +14.3%
Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX*** $14.0  $14.0  $12.1   +16.3%
Net income (loss) attributable to IDT $7.5  $(2.5) $13.1  $(5.6)
Earnings (loss) per diluted share $0.28  $(0.10) $0.51  $(0.23)
Non-GAAP net income (loss)* $8.8  $(2.0) $12.7  $(3.9)
Non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share* $0.33  $(0.08) $0.49  $(0.16)

RESULTS BY SEGMENT
(Results are for 2Q22 and are compared to 2Q21 except where otherwise noted)

(in millions) Fintech  net2phone-UCaaS  Traditional Communications 
  2Q22  1Q22  2Q21  2Q22  1Q22  2Q21  2Q22  1Q22  2Q21 
Revenue $23.1  $22.6  $18.5  $13.5  $12.9  $10.9  $300.4  $334.6  $310.4 
Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue $15.8  $15.3  $12.0  $11.1  $10.4  $8.8  $52.8  $52.7  $49.8 
SG&A expense $15.3  $14.8  $11.8  $13.0  $13.3  $11.2  $30.4  $30.0  $29.3 
(Loss) income from operations $(0.2) $0.0  $(0.2) $(2.9) $(4.2) $(3.7) $19.9  $20.1  $19.1 
Adjusted EBITDA* $0.4  $0.5  $0.2  $(1.9) $(2.9) $(2.4) $22.4  $22.7  $20.5 
Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX*** $(0.8) $(0.7) $(1.0) $(3.2) $(4.2) $(3.6) $20.3  $20.9  $18.6 

Fintech

Fintech comprises National Retail Solutions (NRS), an operator of a nationwide Point-Of-Sale (POS) retail network providing merchant services, digital advertising, transaction data, and ancillary services, and BOSS Revolution Money Transfer, a provider of international money remittances.

In 2Q22 and 2Q21, the Fintech segment accounted for 6.8% and 5.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 19.8% and 17.0% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively.

NRS Revenue and KPIs:

Revenue $ in thousands 2Q22 1Q22 2Q212Q22 -2Q21
change %
 
POS terminals, active – end of period  16,500   15,100   12,000   37%
Payment processing accounts – end of period  8,000   6,800   3,900   105%
                 
NRS recurring revenue                
Merchant services and other $3,810  $3,112  $1,561   +144%
Advertising & data  3,901   4,306   1,819   +114%
SaaS fees  1,318   1,187   757   +74%
Total recurring revenue $9,029  $8,605  $4,137   +118%
                 
POS terminal sales  1,591   1,467   1,081   +47%
Total NRS revenue $10,620  $10,072  $5,218   +104%
                 
Monthly average recurring revenue per terminal (excl. POS terminal sales revenue)*** $190  $196  $114   +66%
  • As of January 31, 2022, NRS’ POS terminal network comprised approximately 16,500 active POS terminals, an increase of 37% compared to a year earlier, and approximately 8,000 payment processing accounts, an increase of 105%.
  • NRS revenue increased 104% to $10.6 million from $5.2 million and recurring revenue increased by 118% to $9.0 million from $4.1 million. The increases were driven by the expansion of the NRS POS and payment processing networks and increased merchant services and digital-out-of-home (DOOH) advertising & data sales.
  • NRS monthly average recurring revenue per terminal increased to $190 from $114.
  • During 2Q22, NRS launched its eWIC processing service, enabling independent retailers to accept and process WIC benefits in electronic format.

Money Transfer Take-Aways:

  • Transactions increased 21% to 2.20 million from 1.83 million in the year-ago period.
  • Revenue decreased 6% to $12.5 million from $13.3 million in 2Q21. Excluding the impact of previously disclosed foreign exchange market conditions that positively affected comparative 2Q21results, transactions would have increased 36% and revenue would have increased 48%.
  • BOSS Money continued to expand its global payments network by opening remittance services to Jamaica, Togo, and Sierra Leone. BOSS Money now offers remittances from the US to 50 countries via 1,250 payers at over 328,000 locations worldwide.

net2phone-UCaaS

In 2Q22 and 2Q21, the net2phone-UCaaS segment accounted for 4.0% and 3.2% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 14.0% and 12.5% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively.

net2phone-UCaaS Takeaways:

  • Total seats served increased 35% to 258,000 at January 31, 2022, from 190,000 a year earlier.
  • Subscription revenue*** increased 32% to $12.5 million from $9.5 million, led by strong growth in both net2phone's South and North American regions.
  • Subscription revenue less direct cost of revenue as a percentage of subscription revenue decreased slightly to 85.5% from 86.0% in 2Q21.
  • During 2Q22, net2phone announced a strategic partnership with Avant, a leading distributor for next generation technologies.

Traditional Communications

In 2Q22 and 2Q21, the Traditional Communications segment accounted for 89.1% and 91.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue and 66.2% and 70.4% of IDT’s consolidated revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue, respectively.

Traditional Communications Takeaways:

  • Mobile Top-Up revenue increased 20.4% to $116.2 million from $96.6 million, primarily as a result of an increase in B2B sales resulting from a wholesale market opportunity that began during 3Q21 and has subsequently narrowed considerably. Sales via the direct-to-consumer channel continued to increase, partially offset by a decrease in sales via the retail channel.
  • BOSS Revolution Calling revenue decreased 12.2% to $100.0 million from $113.9 million while minutes-of-use decreased 15.5% compared to the year-ago quarter. The rates of decline were higher than in recent quarters as the increased demand associated with the COVID pandemic diminished.
  • IDT Global carrier services revenue decreased 16.1% to $73.1 million from $87.2 million reflecting a 30.3% decrease in minutes-of-use partially offset by an increase in revenue per minute.
  • Traditional Communications revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue increased 6.2% to $52.8 million from $49.8 million reflecting the increase in mobile top-up revenue and increased margins from all three of Traditional Communications’ primary business lines.
  • Traditional Communications’ Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX** increased 9.2% to $20.3 million from $18.6 million.

NOTES ON FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Consolidated results for all periods presented include corporate overhead. Corporate G&A expense increased to $2.3 million in 2Q22 from $2.0 million in 2Q21.

As of January 31, 2022, IDT held $148.3 million in cash, cash equivalents, debt securities, and current equity investments. Current assets totaled $387.0 million and current liabilities totaled $327.4 million.

Net cash provided by operating activities during 2Q22 was $17.5 million compared to $6.8 million during 2Q21. Exclusive of changes in customer deposit balances at our Gibraltar-based bank, net cash provided by operating activities during 2Q22 was $6.3 million compared to $17.4 million during 2Q21.

Capital expenditures increased to $4.6 million in 2Q22 from $4.3 million in 2Q21.

IDT EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT & SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

This release is available for download in the “Investors & Media” section of the IDT Corporation website (https://www.idt.net/investors-and-media) and has been filed on a current report (Form 8-K) with the SEC.

IDT will host an earnings conference call beginning at 5:30 PM Eastern with management’s discussion of results, outlook, and strategy followed by Q&A with investors. To listen to the call and participate in the Q&A, dial 1-888-506-0062 (toll-free from the US) or 1-973-528-0011 (international) and request the IDT Corporation call (participant access code: 897234).

A replay of the conference call will be available approximately three hours after the call concludes through March 14, 2022. To access the call replay, dial 1-877-481-4010 (toll-free from the US) or 1-919-882-2331 (international) and provide this replay number: 44495. The replay will also be accessible via streaming audio at the IDT investor relations website.

ABOUT IDT:

IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT) is a global provider of fintech, cloud and traditional communications services. We make it easy for families to communicate and support each other across international borders. We also enable businesses to transact and communicate with their customers with enhanced intelligence and insight.

Our BOSS Money international remittance and BOSS Revolution international calling services make sending money and speaking with friends and family around the world convenient and reliable. National Retail Solutions’ (NRS) point-of-sale retail network enables independent retailers to operate and process transactions more effectively while providing advertisers and consumer marketers with unprecedented reach into underserved consumer markets. net2phone’s communications-as-a-service solutions provide businesses with intelligently integrated cloud communications and collaboration tools across channels and devices. Our IDT Global and IDT Express wholesale offerings enable communications service enterprises to provision and manage international voice and SMS services.

All statements above that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, those in which we use the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate,” “target” and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors. Our filings with the SEC provide detailed information on such statements and risks and should be consulted along with this release. To the extent permitted under applicable law, IDT assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

CONTACT:

IDT Corporation Investor Relations
Bill Ulrey
william.ulrey@idt.net
973-438-3838


IDT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

  January 31,
2022
  July 31,
2021
 
  (Unaudited)    
  (in thousands) 
Assets        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents $104,268  $107,147 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents  116,284   119,769 
Debt securities  15,490   14,012 
Equity investments  28,494   42,434 
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $4,896 at January 31, 2022 and $4,438 at July 31, 2021  53,247   46,644 
Disbursement prefunding  29,226   27,656 
Prepaid expenses  17,408   13,694 
Other current assets  22,582   16,779 
         
Total current assets  386,999   388,135 
Property, plant, and equipment, net  31,639   30,829 
Goodwill  15,081   14,897 
Other intangibles, net  6,940   7,578 
Equity investments  8,355   11,654 
Operating lease right-of-use assets  7,100   7,671 
Deferred income tax assets, net  39,539   41,502 
Other assets  10,241   10,389 
         
Total assets $505,894  $512,655 
         
Liabilities and equity        
Current liabilities:        
Trade accounts payable $23,800  $24,502 
Accrued expenses  122,372   129,085 
Deferred revenue  40,592   42,293 
Customer deposits  109,862   115,524 
Other current liabilities  30,744   27,930 
         
Total current liabilities  327,370   339,334 
Operating lease liabilities  5,014   5,473 
Other liabilities  467   1,234 
         
Total liabilities  332,851   346,041 
Commitments and contingencies        
Redeemable noncontrolling interest  10,063    
Equity:        
IDT Corporation stockholders’ equity:        
Preferred stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—10,000; no shares issued      
Class A common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—35,000; 3,272 shares issued and 1,574 shares outstanding at January 31, 2022 and July 31, 2021  33   33 
Class B common stock, $.01 par value; authorized shares—200,000; 26,684 and 26,379 shares issued and 24,292 and 24,187 shares outstanding at January 31, 2022 and July 31, 2021, respectively  267   264 
Additional paid-in capital  278,613   278,021 
Treasury stock, at cost, consisting of 1,698 and 1,698 shares of Class A common stock and 2,392 and 2,192 shares of Class B common stock at January 31, 2022 and July 31, 2021, respectively  (69,387)  (60,413)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (11,088)  (10,183)
Accumulated deficit  (37,843)  (42,858)
         
Total IDT Corporation stockholders’ equity  160,595   164,864 
Noncontrolling interests  2,385   1,750 
         
Total equity  162,980   166,614 
         
Total liabilities and equity $505,894  $512,655 
         

IDT CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)

  Three Months Ended
January 31,
  Six Months Ended
January 31,
 
  2022  2021  2022   2021 
  (in thousands, except per share data) 
             
Revenues $337,058  $339,766  $707,141  $683,191 
Costs and expenses:                
Direct cost of revenues (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)  257,325   269,145   548,950   542,319 
Selling, general and administrative (i)  61,070   54,298   121,177   106,442 
Depreciation and amortization  4,378   4,464   8,825   8,956 
Severance  29   143   67   255 
                 
Total costs and expenses  322,802   328,050   679,019   657,972 
Other operating (expense) gain, net  (442)  1,207   (530)  955 
                 
Income from operations  13,814   12,923   27,592   26,174 
Interest income, net  119   139   132   98 
Other (expense) income, net  (2,949)  3,170   (19,165)  1,792 
                 
Income before income taxes  10,984   16,232   8,559   28,064 
Provision for income taxes  (2,734)  (3,027)  (2,648)  (6,444)
                 
Net income  8,250   13,205   5,911   21,620 
Net (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests  (763)  (97)  (896)  (224)
                 
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $7,487  $13,108  $5,015  $21,396 
                 
Earnings per share attributable to IDT Corporation common stockholders:                
Basic $0.29  $0.52  $0.20  $0.84 
                 
Diluted $0.28  $0.51  $0.19  $0.83 
                 
Weighted-average number of shares used in calculation of earnings per share:                
Basic  25,652   25,362   25,609   25,448 
                 
Diluted  26,542   25,713   26,580   25,787 
                 
(i) Stock-based compensation included in selling, general and administrative expenses $310  $434  $595  $940 

IDT CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)

  Six Months Ended January 31, 
  2022  2021 
  (in thousands) 
Operating activities        
Net income $5,911  $21,620 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Depreciation and amortization  8,825   8,956 
Deferred income taxes  1,683   5,881 
Provision for doubtful accounts receivable  1,289   1,069 
Net unrealized loss (gain) from marketable securities  16,242   (286)
Stock-based compensation  595   940 
Other  2,850   269 
Change in assets and liabilities:        
Trade accounts receivable  (8,045)  (7,330)
Disbursement prefunding, prepaid expenses, other current assets, and other assets  (8,551)  4,965 
Trade accounts payable, accrued expenses, other current liabilities, and other liabilities  (6,313)  1,631 
Customer deposits at IDT Financial Services Limited (Gibraltar-based bank)  (1,862)  (11,136)
Deferred revenue  (960)  (968)
         
Net cash provided by operating activities  11,664   25,611 
Investing activities        
Capital expenditures  (8,991)  (8,825)
Purchase of convertible preferred stock in equity method investment  (1,051)   
Payments for acquisitions, net of cash acquired  (100)  (2,388)
Purchase of Rafael Holdings, Inc. Class B common stock and warrant     (5,000)
Purchases of debt securities and equity investments  (10,825)  (34,436)
Proceeds from maturities and sales of debt securities and redemptions of equity investments  6,068   11,575 
         
Net cash used in investing activities  (14,899)  (39,074)
Financing activities        
Distributions to noncontrolling interests  (198)  (418)
Proceeds from other liabilities  2,301    
Repayment of other liabilities.  (1,291)  (56)
Proceeds from borrowings under revolving credit facility  2,488    
Repayment of borrowings under revolving credit facility.  (2,488)   
Proceeds from sale of redeemable equity in subsidiary  10,000    
Proceeds from exercise of stock options     686 
Repurchases of Class B common stock  (8,974)  (4,192)
         
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities  1,838   (3,980)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents  (4,967)  5,560 
         
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents  (6,364)  (11,883)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period  226,916   201,222 
         
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period $220,552  $189,339 
         
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities        
Liabilities incurred for acquisition $  $393 

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the
Second Quarter Fiscal 2022 and 2021

In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), IDT also disclosed, for 2Q22, 1Q21, and 2Q21, Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP earnings per diluted share (EPS), and non-GAAP loss per share, all of which are non-GAAP measures. Generally, a non-GAAP measure is a numerical measure of a company’s performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

IDT’s measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenue less direct cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expense. Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income (loss) from operations, add depreciation and amortization, severance expense, and other operating expense, and deduct other operating gains.

IDT’s measure of non-GAAP net income (loss) starts with net income (loss) in accordance with GAAP and adds severance expense, stock-based compensation, and other operating expense, and deducts other operating gains.

These additions and subtractions are non-cash and/or non-routine items in the relevant fiscal 2022 and fiscal 2021 periods.

IDT’s measures of non-GAAP EPS and non-GAAP loss per share are calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income (loss) by the diluted weighted-average shares.

Management believes that IDT’s Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share are measures which provide useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses and non-routine gains and losses that may not be indicative of IDT’s or the relevant segment’s core operating results. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as a relevant indicator of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share to evaluate operating performance in relation to IDT’s competitors. Disclosure of these financial measures may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. In addition, IDT has historically reported similar financial measures and believes such measures are commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance, therefore the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting.

Management refers to Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures income (loss) from operations and net income (loss), on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments’ and IDT's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.

While depreciation and amortization are considered operating costs under GAAP, these expenses primarily represent the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or capitalized in prior periods. IDT’s Adjusted EBITDA, which is exclusive of depreciation and amortization, is a useful indicator of its current performance.

Severance expense is excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share. Severance expense is reflective of decisions made by management in each period regarding the aspects of IDT’s and its segments’ businesses to be focused on in light of changing market realities and other factors. While there may be similar charges in other periods, the nature and magnitude of these charges can fluctuate markedly and do not reflect the performance of IDT’s core and continuing operations.

Other operating (expense) gain, net, which is a component of income (loss) from operations, is excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share. Other operating (expense) gain, net includes legal fees net of insurance claims related to Straight Path Communications Inc.’s stockholders’ putative class action and derivative complaint, expense for the indemnification of a net2phone cable telephony customer related to patent infringement claims brought against the customer, a gain from the write-off of a contingent consideration liability, expense for other legal and regulatory matters, and a gain from the sale of IDT’s rights under a class action lawsuit. From time-to-time, IDT may have gains or incur costs related to non-routine legal and regulatory matters, however, these various items generally do not occur each quarter. IDT believes the gain and losses from these non-routine matters are not components of IDT’s or the relevant segment’s core operating results.

The other calculation of Adjusted EBITDA consists of revenue less direct cost of revenues and selling, general and administrative expense. As the other excluded items are not reflected in this calculation, they are excluded automatically and there is no need to make additional adjustments. This calculation results in the same Adjusted EBITDA amount and its utility and significance is as explained above.

Stock-based compensation recognized by IDT and other companies may not be comparable because of the variety of types of awards as well as the various valuation methodologies and subjective assumptions that are permitted under GAAP. Stock-based compensation is excluded from IDT’s calculation of non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share because management believes this allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons of the operating results per share of IDT’s core business with the results of other companies. However, stock-based compensation will continue to be a significant expense for IDT for the foreseeable future and an important part of employees’ compensation that impacts their performance.

Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, income (loss) from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income (loss), basic and diluted earnings per share or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, IDT’s measurements of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Following are reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA, non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP EPS, and non-GAAP loss per share to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which are, (a) for Adjusted EBITDA, income (loss) from operations for IDT’s reportable segments and net income (loss) for IDT on a consolidated basis, (b) for non-GAAP net income (loss), net income (loss), and (c) for non-GAAP EPS and non-GAAP loss per share, diluted earnings (loss) per share.

IDT Corporation
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income (Loss)
(unaudited) in millions. Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions


  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communica-tions  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended January 31, 2022 (2Q22)               
Adjusted EBITDA $18.7  $22.4  $(1.9) $0.4  $(2.3)
Subtract (Add):                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.4   2.5   1.3   0.6   - 
Severance expense  -   -   -   -   - 
Other operating expense (gain), net  0.4   -   (0.3)  -   0.7 
Income (loss) from operations  13.8  $19.9  $(2.9) $(0.2) $(3.0)
Interest income, net  0.1                 
Other expense, net  (2.9)                
Income before income taxes  11.0                 
Provision for income taxes  (2.7)                
Net income  8.3                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.8)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $7.5                 


  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communica-tions  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended October 31, 2021 (1Q22)               
Adjusted EBITDA $18.4  $22.7  $(2.9) $0.5  $(2.0)
Subtract:                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.4   2.5   1.3   0.6   - 
Severance expense  -   -   -   -   - 
Other operating expense, net  0.1   -   -   -   0.1 
Income (loss) from operations  13.8  $20.1  $(4.2) $-  $(2.1)
Interest income, net  -                 
Other expense, net  (16.2)                
Loss before income taxes  (2.4)                
Benefit from income taxes  0.1                 
Net loss  (2.3)                
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.2)                
Net loss attributable to IDT Corporation $(2.5)                

        IDT Corporation
        Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to Net Income
        (unaudited) in millions. Figures may not foot or cross-foot due to rounding to millions.

  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communic-ations  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended January 31, 2021 (2Q21)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $16.3  $20.5  $(2.4) $0.2  $(2.0)
Subtract (Add):                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.5   2.8   1.2   0.4   - 
Severance expense  0.1   0.1   -   -   - 
Other operating (gain) expense, net  (1.2)  (1.6)  0.1   -   0.3 
Income (loss) from operations  12.9  $19.1  $(3.7) $(0.2) $(2.3)
Interest income, net  0.1                 
Other income, net  3.2                 
Income before income taxes  16.2                 
Provision for income taxes  (3.0)                
Net income  13.2                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.1)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $13.1                 

IDT Corporation
Reconciliations of Net Income (Loss) to Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss) and Earnings (Loss) per share to Non-GAAP EPS or Non-GAAP Loss per share
(unaudited) in millions, except per share data. Figures may not foot due to rounding to millions.

  Total IDT Corporation  Traditional Communic-ations  net2phone-UCaaS  Fintech  Corporate 
Three Months Ended January 31, 2021 (2Q21)                    
Adjusted EBITDA $16.3  $20.5  $(2.4) $0.2  $(2.0)
Subtract (Add):                    
Depreciation and amortization  4.5   2.8   1.2   0.4   - 
Severance expense  0.1   0.1   -   -   - 
Other operating (gain) expense, net  (1.2)  (1.6)  0.1   -   0.3 
Income (loss) from operations  12.9  $19.1  $(3.7) $(0.2) $(2.3)
Interest income, net  0.1                 
Other income, net  3.2                 
Income before income taxes  16.2                 
Provision for income taxes  (3.0)                
Net income  13.2                 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests  (0.1)                
Net income attributable to IDT Corporation $13.1                 

Explanation of Key Performance Metrics

net2phone-UCaaS’ cloud communications offering is priced on a per-seat basis. The number of seats served and subscription revenue trends and comparisons between periods are used in the analysis of net2phone-UCaaS’ revenues and direct cost of revenues.

Beginning 2Q22, net2phone-UCaaS’ subscription revenue no longer includes revenue generated by a legacy SIP trunking offering in Brazil, which will be included with other non-subscription offerings in total net2phone-UCaaS’ revenue. Comparative information has been restated in all periods to conform to the current presentation. Following is a reconciliation of subscription revenue to the current standard:

(in millions) 1Q21 2Q21 3Q21 4Q21 1Q22 2Q22
Subscription revenue as previously reported $9.1  $10.3  $10.9  $11.9  $12.5  $13.2 
Less: Legacy SIP trunking revenue in Brazil  0.8   0.8   0.9   0.9   0.8   0.7 
Subscription revenue restated $8.3  $9.5  $10.0  $11.0  $11.7  $12.5 

Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue is a financial metric that measures changes in our revenue relative to changes in direct cost of revenue during the same period. Revenue and direct cost of revenue in this metric are from IDT’s consolidated statements of operations in accordance with GAAP. Revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue is a ratio in which revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue is the numerator and revenue is the denominator. It is useful for monitoring trends in the generation of revenue as well as for evaluating the net contribution of IDT’s revenue.

Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX is also a financial metric, which is calculated by deriving Adjusted EBITDA as described above and subtracting capital expenditures in accordance with GAAP as reported in the consolidated statements of cash flows. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX to evaluate the level of capital investment needed to support operations, and as a reasonable proxy for the cash generated by IDT’s businesses. Because IDT’s capital expenditures reflect an allocation of capital for longer-term growth, IDT seeks to strike an appropriate balance between near-term and long-term financial performance as reflected in Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX. IDT’s measurement of Adjusted EBITDA less CAPEX may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Monthly Average Recurring Revenue per Terminal is also a financial metric. Monthly Average Recurring Revenue per Terminal is calculated by dividing NRS’ revenue in accordance with GAAP during a period, excluding revenue from POS terminal sales, by the average number of active POS terminals during the period. The result is divided by three when the period is a fiscal quarter. The average number of active POS terminals is calculated by adding the beginning and ending number of active POS terminals during the period and dividing by two. Monthly Average Recurring Revenue per Terminal is useful for comparisons of NRS’ revenue per customer to prior periods and to competitors and others in the market, as well as for forecasting future revenue from the customer base.

Supplemental Information

* Throughout this release, Adjusted EBITDA, Non-GAAP net income (loss) and Non-GAAP earnings (loss) per share are Non-GAAP measures intended to provide useful information that supplements IDT’s or the relevant segment’s results in accordance with GAAP. Please refer to the Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures earlier in this release for an explanation of these terms and their respective reconciliations to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

** net2phone subscription revenue is a key performance metric and no longer includes revenue generated by a legacy SIP trunking offering in Brazil. Please refer to the Explanation of Key Performance Metrics on the preceding page of this release for an explanation of this metric and a reconciliation of subscription revenue in prior periods to the current standard.

*** Throughout this release, revenue-less-direct-cost-of-revenue as a percentage of revenue, Adjusted EBITDA* less CAPEX, and Monthly Average Recurring Revenue per Terminal are key performance metrics. Please refer to the Explanation of Key Performance Metrics on the preceding page of this release for an explanation of these metrics.

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